In cases 1 and 2 of the previous article, it may be declared, when decreeing the dismissal, that the formation of the case does not harm the reputation of the defendants.
It may also, at the request of the accused, reserve to him his right to prosecute the complainant as a slanderer.
The Court may also order proceedings ex officio against the complainant, in accordance with the provisions of the Penal Code.
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art 638 lecrim
This article establishes that decree the dismissal It may be declared that the formation of the case does not harm the reputation of the defendants in certain cases.