Crimes against property

  crimes, Criminal law

The crimes against heritage They are all those crimes that are linked to the assets, rights and obligations that a person has. The crime occurs when these are used or appropriated illegally.

The crime against heritage is typified in the Penal Code of Spain, in the search to put an end to this type of crime that harms society in a certain way. 

In this article we will leave you all the information you need to know about crimes against heritage.

Where is the crime of embezzlement of assets organized?

A heritage It is the set of goods, rights and obligations that a person, group of people or company owns and uses to achieve its objectives. In this sense, it can be understood as its resources and its use.

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He article 13 of the Penal Code includes crimes of appropriation of property and against the social and economic order.

More specifically, in this block of illegal events it is regulated: the Flight and heist of car, Proper blackmail, Excessive cheating, Cheating of electrical fluids and the like.  

Punishment, Changing prices in public competitions and auctions. Criminal Penalties related to intellectual property and industry. Crime compared to the market and consumers.  

Criminal liability of the legal entity on intellectual, industrial, commercial and consumer property offenders, crime corruption in business. Less their own things for their social or cultural utility Criminals.

Lost criminals are made by legal entities, the crime of Unauthorized Offense of excess confiscated assets. The receipt and laundering of money, the prevention of money laundering and terrorist funds.  

The criminal responsibilities of legal entities through money laundering and terrorist sponsorship.

How are crimes against property different from social and economic crimes?

Although the two crimes are classified under the same title in the Penal Code, they are not equally punishable acts.

While patriarchal crime aims to protect an individual legal interest, economic crime affects the public economic sphere, which is a collective legal good.

The doctrine establishes that the very wording of Title XIII refers to the distinction between the two positions. 

It is understood that chapters III to X deal with wrongful acts of a patriarchal and individual nature, while the following chapters deal with collective social and economic crimes, which in some circumstances can be interpreted as individual.

What is the nature of a crime against property? 

In the 1995 Penal Code, this group was created to include crimes with economic impact. Without embargo, depending on the context that accompanies the punitive behavior, it can be understood that nature is hereditary or economic.

For example, him fraud It is a serious crime against property. However, if we let it appear hierarchically, we are in the field of social and economic crime.

 What is protected legal property? 

Any person who commits the crime of confiscation of assets to protect the right provided for in article 348 of the Civil Code: the property will be penalized.

Property is the right to enjoy and dispose of something, without more restrictions than those prescribed by law. In addition, the articles of the same law establish the following provisions:

No one can be deprived of their property unless they have been adequately compensated by a competent authority and for reasons of public interest.

However, in the field of social and economic crimes, the legitimate interests that are protected are the collective interests of the economic life.