Article 462 of the Penal Code

  Penal Code

He who, having lent a false testimony in a criminal case, retracts in a timely manner, stating the truth so that it takes effect before the sentence is handed down in the process in question. If, as a result of false testimony, deprivation of liberty has occurred, the corresponding lower-grade penalties will be imposed.

art 462 cp

This article from Penal Code Spanish refers to the possibility that a witness is exempt from punishment for a crime of perjury.

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Article 462 of the Penal Code is part of the chapter dedicated to false testimony: