1. Those who, with knowledge of their falsehood or reckless disregard for the truth, accuse a person of facts that, if true, would constitute a criminal offense, if this accusation is made before a judicial or administrative official who has the duty to proceed to investigate them, they will be sanctioned:
1st With a prison sentence of six months to two years and a fine of twelve to twenty-four months, if a serious crime is charged.
2.º With the penalty of a fine of twelve to twenty-four months, if a less serious crime is charged.
3rd With the penalty of a fine of three to six months, if a minor crime is charged.
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2. Proceedings may not be brought against the complainant or accuser until after final sentence or car also firm, of dismissal or file of the Judge or Court that has heard of the accused infraction. These will order to proceed ex officio against the complainant or accuser whenever there are sufficient indications of the falsity of the accusation from the main cause, without damage that the fact can also be prosecuted prior complaint of the offended
art 456 cp
Article 456 of the Penal Code Spanish refers to the crime of false complaint, regarding the imputation of acts that, if true, would constitute a criminal offence, but with knowledge of its falsehood or reckless disregard for the truth, before a judicial or administrative official who has the duty to proceed with its investigation.