Authors are those who carry out the act on their own, jointly or through another that they use as an instrument.
Authors will also be considered:
a) Those who directly induce another or others to execute it.
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b) Those who cooperate in its execution with an act without which it would not have been carried out.
art 28 cp
Article 28 of the Penal Code Spanish establishes the concept of authors for those who carry out a fact by themselves or through another that they use as an instrument.
Thus, we can differentiate between the following types: mediate authorship, immediate or joint.
- Penal Code