1. There is an attempt when the subject begins the execution of the crime directly due to external events, practicing all or part of the acts that objectively should produce the result, and without embargo This does not occur due to causes independent of the author's will.
2. You will be exempt from criminal liability for the attempted crime whoever voluntarily prevents the consummation of the crime, either by desisting from the execution already begun, or by preventing the production of the result, without damage of the responsibility that may have been incurred for the acts carried out, if these were already constitutive of another crime.
3. When several subjects intervene in an event, the person or persons who desist from the execution that has already begun, and prevent or attempt to prevent, seriously, firmly and decisively, the consummation will be exempt from criminal liability, without prejudice to the responsibility they may have. incurred by the acts carried out, if these were already constitutive of another crime.
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art 16 cp
Article 16 of Penal Code Spanish refers to the concept of attempted crime, which occurs when said crime but it cannot be produced for whatever reason. Those who voluntarily avoid the consummation of the crime will be exempt from criminal liability.